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The Centre for Chronic Conditions and Injuries (CCCI) at the Public Health Foundation of India is an umbrella platform comprising Centre for Mental Health (CMH), South Asia Network for Chronic disease (SANCD) and Centre for Chronic Disease Control (CCDC) with the mandate to generate world-class knowledge that can impact policy and practice aimed at reducing the burden of chronic conditions in India and beyond.
At CCCI, our unique approach to chronic conditions is to put the affected individual and the family at the heart of science, practice and policy. Our vision is to carry out cutting-edge science to understand the dynamics, determinants and dimensions of chronic conditions and to develop, evaluate and help scale up evidence-based solutions.
Chronic conditions are a diverse group of diseases, ranging from cardiovascular diseases and diabetes to mental and neurological disorders. Collectively they pose the biggest health challenge of the 21st century, for both rich and poor countries alike. In India, rapid social and economic changes are leaving people at greater risk of developing a range of highly debilitating and life-threatening chronic conditions. Chronic conditions are now responsible for the majority of deaths in India, and are the biggest source of disability. Their under-recognised impact threatens to jeopardise economic development and is already preventing millions of families from escaping poverty.
The scale of the chronic disease crisis over the coming years will be determined by the decisions and actions that policy-makers take now. Timely action could provide huge benefits by reducing suffering and raising economic productivity. Although some progress has already been made, what is urgently needed is a coherent, strategic approach based on the existing knowledge of the health needs of the population, evidence-based practice and regular evaluation of the impact achieved. To tackle the challenge of chronic conditions effectively, India needs better coordination of existing efforts, integration of relevant national programmes, partnerships between government and other sectors, and an effective national surveillance system and research strategy.